Abrupt Change in one of the Most Precisely-Time Pulsars


Evidence for profile changes in PSR J1713+ 0747 using the uGMRT" MNRAS publication.

Evidence for profile changes in PSR J1713+0747 using the uGMRT

Jaikhomba Singha, Mayuresh P Surnis, Bhal Chandra Joshi, Pratik Tarafdar, Prerna Rana, Abhimanyu Susobhanan, Raghav Girgaonkar, Neel Kolhe, Nikita Agarwal, Shantanu Desai, T Prabu, Adarsh Bathula, Subhajit Dandapat, Lankeswar Dey, Shinnosuke Hisano, Ryo Kato, Divyansh Kharbanda, Tomonosuke Kikunaga, Piyush Marmat, Sai Chaitanya Susarla, Manjari Bagchi, Neelam Dhanda Batra, Arpita Choudhury, A Gopakumar, Yashwant Gupta, M A Krishnakumar, Yogesh Maan, P K Manoharan, K Nobleson, Arul Pandian, Dhruv Pathak, Keitaro Takahashi

PSR J1713+0747 is one of the most precisely timed pulsars in the international pulsar timing array experiment. This pulsar showed an abrupt profile shape change between April 16, 2021 (MJD 59320) and April 17, 2021 (MJD 59321). In this paper, we report the results from multi-frequency observations of this pulsar carried out with the upgraded Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (uGMRT) before and after the event. We demonstrate the profile change seen in Band 5 (1260 MHz - 1460 MHz) and Band 3 (300 MHz - 500 MHz). The timing analysis of this pulsar shows a disturbance accompanying this profile change followed by a recovery with a timescale of ∼159 days. Our data suggest that a model with chromatic index as a free parameter is preferred over models with combinations of achromaticity with DM bump or scattering bump. We determine the frequency dependence to be ∼ν+1.34.
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Dr. P.K. Manoharan
Arecibo Observatory
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Keywords: PSR J1713+0747, pulsar, arecibo, telescope, giant, metrewave, uGMRT